Category Archives: Internet & domains

Negative reviews: the boundary between the right to criticize and online defamation


With a recent judgment of September 21st 2020, the Court of Rome explained the boundary between legitimate criticism and defamation in case of unflattering reviews published online by users. The case concerned the publication of many negative reviews published by patients of a health facility on the platform Google My Business. The facility had requested […]

Framing vs Embedding: when a link containing a protected work infringes copyright


The Advocate General of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), Maciej Szpunar, was called to establish if it is lawful to integrate in a webpage, through a link, a copyright protected work that, with the rights’ holder authorization, was already available to the public in another website. In the conclusions of last […]

Website blocking and freedom of expression

website blocking

The European Court of Human Rights with decision of June 23th 2020 indicated as unlawful some measures of the Russian telecoms regulator Roskomnadzor (Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media) which blocked many websites, as they were found to be in violation of art. 10 (Freedom of expression) and art. 13 […]

Cyber-attacks on the rise while working from home

smart working

As a result of the global sanitary situation and of the national measures taken to limit the spread of the virus, such as social distancing, many businesses had to face a new work organization which not all were adequately prepared to carry out. In particular, in the past few months, businesses had to resort to […]